By Elaine Pagels
A profound exploration of the Bible's such a lot debatable book—from the writer of Beyond Belief and The Gnostic Gospels
The strangest e-book of the hot testomony, full of visions of the Rapture, the whore of Babylon, and apocalyptic writing of the tip of instances, the e-book of Revelation has involved readers for greater than thousand years, yet the place did it come from? And what are the meanings of its surreal photos of dragons, monsters, angels, and cosmic war?
Elaine Pagels, New York Times bestselling writer and "the preeminent voice of biblical scholarship to the yankee public" (The Philadelphia Inquirer), elucidates the real heritage of this debatable ebook, uncovering its origins and the roots of dissent, violence, and department within the world's religions. Brilliantly weaving scholarship with a deep figuring out of the human must which faith speaks, Pagels has written what could be the masterwork of her specific profession.
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Additional resources for Revelations: Visions, Prophecy, and Politics in the Book of Revelation
1 Norman R. Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium: innovative Millenarians and Mystical Anarchists of the center a long time (New York: Oxford collage Press, 1970). 2 Viktor E. Frankl, Man’s look for that means, trans. Ilse Lasch (Boston: Beacon Press, 2006), 40–41, sixty nine. three Wolfson, via a Speculum That Shines: imaginative and prescient and mind's eye in Medieval Jewish Mysticism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton collage Press, 1994), 29. be aware that i'm now not conversing right here of a selected style of literature, notoriously difficult to categorise, in view that students frequently take John’s booklet of Revelation because the paradigm of what they outline as a “revelation” text—even even though it differs from such a lot others in uncomplicated methods (it isn't really, for instance, pseudonymously written). For the previous dialogue, see the influential learn by way of John J. Collins, The Apocalyptic mind's eye: An advent to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature, and the guides of David Hellholm. be aware additionally how David Frankfurter cites Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza: “The very observe apocalypsis within the earliest Christian texts ‘denotes a visionary ecstatic event just like prophecy’ instead of a literary presentation of esoteric knowledge,” in “The Legacy of Jewish Apocalypses in Early Christianity: local Trajectories,” in William Adler and James C. Vanderkam, eds. , The Jewish Apocalyptic historical past in Early Christianity (Assen, Netherlands: Van Gorcum, 1996), a hundred thirty five, and his word on terminology on 156; see additionally Schüssler Fiorenza’s “Apocalypsis and Propheteia: Revelation within the Context of Early Christian Prophecy,” republished in her ebook The publication of Revelation (Minneapolis: Augsburg citadel, 1998), 133–156. four Zostrianos three. 23–31, NHC VIII, 1, within the Coptic Gnostic Library, ed. J. A. Robinson (Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2000; hereafter pointed out as CGL), vol. four, 36–37. five Zostrianos five. 11–13, NHC VIII, 1, in CGL vol. four, 39. 6 The Revelation [Apocalypse] of Peter, seventy two. 5–9, 15–28, NHC VII, three, in CGL vol. four, 222–225. 7 See Bentley Layton’s interesting article “The Riddle of the Thunder (CG VI,2): The functionality of Paradox in a Gnostic textual content from Nag Hammadi,” in Charles Hedrick and Robert Hodgeson Jr. , eds. , Nag Hammadi, Gnosticism, and Early Christianity (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1986), and Anne McGuire, Valentinus and the Gnostike Hairesis: An research of Valentinus’ place within the background of Gnosticism, unpublished dissertation, Yale college, 1983. eight The Revelation of Ezra, three. 1–3; the citations right here, with minor adjustments, stick to the wonderful translation, variation, and statement by way of Michael E. Stone, Fourth Ezra: A observation at the ebook of Fourth Ezra (Minneapolis: citadel Press, 1990). nine i'm thankful to Professor Martha Himmelfarb for noting Salathiel’s that means as a pen identify. 10 The Revelation of Ezra, three. 27–32. eleven The Revelation of Ezra, four. 1–5. 12 activity 38:4–7, 19–37. thirteen task 42:1–6. 14 The Revelation of Ezra, four. 12. 15 The Revelation of Ezra, four. 22–24. sixteen The Revelation of Ezra, four. 26–6. 25. 17 The Revelation of Ezra, 7. 29. For dialogue, see Stone, Fourth Ezra, 208–209, 368–69.