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During this fourth quantity of the landmark "Poems for the Millennium" sequence, Pierre Joris and Habib Tengour current a finished anthology of the written and oral literatures of the Maghreb, the area of North Africa that spans the trendy state states of Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and Mauritania, and together with a piece at the influential Arabo-Berber and Jewish literary tradition of Al-Andalus, which flourished in Spain among the 9th and 15th centuries. starting with the earliest pictograms and rock drawings and finishing with the paintings of the present new release of post-independence and diasporic writers, this quantity takes in a number of cultures and voices, together with Berber, Phoenician, Jewish, Roman, Vandal, Arab, Ottoman, and French. even though focusing on oral and written poetry and narratives, the ebook additionally attracts on ancient and geographical treatises, philosophical and esoteric traditions, music lyrics, and present prose experiments. those decisions are prepared in 5 chronological "diwans" or chapters, that are interrupted by means of a chain of "books" that provide additional aspect, giving context or protecting particular cultural parts in centred style. the decisions are contextualized by means of a basic creation that situates the significance of this little-known tradition region and person commentaries for almost every one writer.

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Ali al-Khuza’i, the poet. Bakr b. Hammad says approximately him: demise betrayed Di’bil in Zawila And Ahmad b. Khasib within the land of Barqa. among Zawila and the city of Ajdabiya there are fourteen levels. The population of Zawila use a really creative approach to guarding their city. He whose flip it really is to face watch takes a beast of burden (dabba), ties to it a wide faggot of palm fronds in order that their ends path at the flooring, after which is going around the city. the following morning the watchman, followed by means of his subordinates, is going on a saddle camel round the city. in the event that they see footprints popping out of town, they stick with them until eventually they overtake whoever has made them, in no matter what path she or he has long gone, no matter if thief, runaway slave or slave lady, or camel. Zawila lies among the Maghreb and the qibla from Atrabulus. From there slaves are exported to Ifriqiya and different neighboring areas. they're got for brief items of purple textile. among Zawila and the area of the Kanim is 40 phases. The Kanimis reside past the barren region of Zawila, and scarcely someone reaches them. they're pagan Sudan. a few assert that there's a humans there descended from the Banu Umayya, who discovered their manner there in the course of their persecution by way of the Abbasids. They nonetheless protect the costume and customs of the Arabs. it really is acknowledged that there are nice sands there, often called al-Jaza’ir, “the Islands,” that have many palm timber and comes yet no habitations or humans, and that the whistling of the jinn is heard there forever. occasionally Sudan raiders and robbers remain there to waylay Muslims. The dates pile up there for years with out anyone coming a long way sufficient to discover them until eventually humans come foraging for them in years of famine or after they have an pressing desire. From Badis to Qaytun Bayada, that is the start of the  land of Sumata and from which the course diverges to the land of the Sudan, to Atrabulus and to Qayrawan town of Sijilmasa used to be in-built the yr a. h. 140/757–58 c. e. Its progress prompted the depopulation of town of Targha, that is days far-off. It additionally prompted the depopulation of the city of Ziz. the city of Sijilmasa is located on a simple whose soil is salty. round the city are a variety of suburbs with lofty mansions and different most excellent constructions. There also are many gardens. The reduce element of the wall encompass  one hundred forty four  moment Diwan ing the city is made from stone, however the top one is of brick. This wall was once equipped via al-Yasa’ Abu Mansur b. Abi ‘l-Qasim at his personal price, with out a person else sharing the fee. He expended on it [the worth of] 1,000 mudy of wheat. There are twelve gates, 8 of that are of iron. Al-Yasa’ equipped the wall within the 12 months 199/814–15, and in 2 hundred he moved into town, which he divided one of the tribes, because it nonetheless maintains until this present day. The population put on the face veil (niqab), and if one in every of them uncovers his face, none of his family members can realize him. Sijilmasa stands on rivers, whose resource, within the position referred to as Ijlaf, is fed via many springs. On forthcoming Sijilmasa this movement divides into branches, which movement to the east and west of town.

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