Judaism

Download E-books Aesthetics of Sorrow: The Wailing Culture of Yemenite Jewish Women (Raphael Patai Series in Jewish Folklore and Anthropology) PDF

The time period "wailing tradition" contains an array of women's behaviors and ideology following the loss of life of a member in their ethnic crew and is average of Jewish existence in Yemeni tradition. critical to the perform is wailing itself-a specific creative style that mixes speech with sobbing into relocating lyrical poetry that explores the that means of dying and loss. In Aesthetics of Sorrow: The Wailing tradition of Yemenite Jewish Women, Tova Gamliel decodes the cultural and mental meanings of this tradition in an ethnography in keeping with her anthropological learn between Yemenite Jewish groups in Israel in 2001-2003.

in response to participant-observervation in houses of the bereaved and on twenty-four in-depth interviews with wailing men and women, Gamliel illuminates wailing tradition point by means of point: by means of the circles during which the job happens; the detailed components of recreation that belong to ladies; and the large social, ancient, and spiritual context that surrounds those internal circles. She discusses the most topics that outline the wailing tradition (including the ancient origins of women's wailing commonly and of Yemenite Jewish wailing in particular), the characteristics of wailing as an inventive style, and the wailer as a symbolic variety. She additionally explores the function of wailing in dying rituals, as a healing services endowed with precise affective mechanisms, as an erotic functionality, as a livelihood, and as a hallmark of the Jewish exile. after all, she considers wailing on the intersection of culture and modernity and examines the research of wailing as a real methodological challenge.

Gamliel brings a delicate eye to the vanishing perform of wailing, which has been mostly unexamined by way of students and will be unexpected to many outdoors of the center East. Her interdisciplinary point of view and her concentrate on a uniquely girl immigrant cultural perform will make this examine interesting analyzing for students of anthropology, gender, folklore, psychology, functionality, philosophy, and sociology.

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Download E-books It's Easier to Reach Heaven Than the End of the Street: A Jerusalem Memoir PDF

By Emma Williams

In August, 2000, Emma Williams arrived along with her 3 young children in Jerusalem to hitch her husband and to paintings as a physician. A month later, the Palestinian intifada erupted. For the following 3 years, she used to be to witness an marvelous sequence of occasions during which millions of lives, together with her personal, have been grew to become the other way up. Williams lived at the very border of East and West Jerusalem, operating with Palestinians in Ramallah in the course of the day and spending evenings with Israelis in Tel Aviv. Weaving own tales and conversations with buddies and associates into the lengthy and fraught political historical past, Williams' strong memoir brings to lifestyles the realities of the Palestinian-Israeli clash. She vividly recollects giving start to her fourth baby in the course of the siege of Bethlehem, and her horror whilst a suicide bomber blew his personal head into the schoolyard the place her kids performed every day. knowing in her judgement, but unsparing in her honesty, Williams exposes the humanity, in addition to the hypocrisy on the center of either side' studies. an individual desirous to comprehend this intractable and intricate dispute will locate this precise account a fresh and an illuminating learn.

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Download E-books Backgrounds of Early Christianity PDF

By Everett Ferguson

Having lengthy served as a regular creation to the area of the early church, Everett Ferguson's Backgrounds of Early Christianity has been increased and up-to-date during this 3rd variation. The e-book explores and unpacks the Roman, Greek, and Jewish political, social, spiritual, and philosophical backgrounds worthwhile for a great old figuring out of the hot testomony and the early church. New to this version are revisions of Ferguson's unique fabric, up to date bibliographies, and clean discussions of first-century social lifestyles, of Gnosticism, and of the useless Sea Scrolls and different Jewish literature.

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Download E-books Separation and Its Discontents: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism PDF

This booklet builds upon my prior paintings, A people who Shall stay on my own: Judaism asa staff Evolutionary technique (MacDonald 1994/2002; hereafter PTSDA). whereas PTSDA considering constructing a concept of Judaism inside of anevolutionary framework, the current quantity makes a speciality of the phenomenon ofanti-Semitism. Judaism and anti-Semitism really cry out for an evolutionaryinterpretation. Anti-Semitism has been a really strong tendency over a truly longperiod of human historical past and in a variety of societies with various formsof executive, diverse financial structures, and various dominant religiousideologies. Many anti-Semitic episodes, reminiscent of the Iberian inquisitions andthe Nazi holocaust, were characterised via outstanding intra-societal violence.Moreover, anti-Semitism has occasionally been characterised via a truly overt,self-conscious racialism...a phenomenon that instantly indicates the relevanceof evolutionary conception. the fundamental thesis of this booklet may be summarized bythe proposition that Judaism has to be conceptualized as a gaggle strategycharacterized through cultural and genetic segregation from gentile societiescombined with source pageant and conflicts of curiosity with segments ofgentile societies. This cultural and genetic separatism mixed with resourcecompetition and different conflicts of curiosity are likely to bring about department andhatred in the society.Nevertheless, as Leslie White (1966, three) wrote manyyears in the past in his dialogue of the Boasian university of anthropology as apolitically encouraged cult, "One who follows techniques similar to those incurs therisk of being accused of indulging in non-scholarly, own assaults upon whomhe discusses. this sort of cost is, in reality, expectable and fully in keepingwith the thesis of this essay. we want to kingdom that no own assaults areintended." No own or ethnic assaults are meant here,either. however, the cost that this is often an anti-Semitic ebook is, to useWhite's word, expectable and entirely in preserving wit

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Download E-books The Jewish Writings PDF

By Hannah Arendt

Even supposing Hannah Arendt isn't really basically often called a Jewish philosopher, she most likely wrote extra approximately Jewish matters than the other subject. As a tender grownup in Germany, she wrote approximately German Jewish background. After relocating to France in 1933, she helped Jewish formative years immigrate to Palestine. in the course of her years in Paris, her precept trouble was once the transformation of antinomianism from prejudice to coverage, which might culminate within the Nazi "final solution." After France fell, Arendt escaped from an internment camp and made her approach to the United States. There she wrote articles calling for a Jewish military to struggle the Nazis. After the warfare, she supported the production of a Jewish place of origin in a binational (Arab-Jewish) kingdom of Israel.

Arendt's unique notion of political freedom can't be absolutely grasped except her event as a Jew. In 1961 she attended Adolf Eichmann's trial in Jerusalem. Her file, Eichmann in Jerusalem, provoked a big controversy, which culminated in her digital excommunication from the global Jewish neighborhood. this present day that controversy is the topic of significant re-assessment, in particular between more youthful humans within the usa, Europe, and Israel.

The book of The Jewish Writings–much of which hasn't ever seemed before–traces Arendt’s lifestyles and notion as a Jew. it's going to positioned an finish to any doubts concerning the centrality, from starting to finish, of Arendt’s Jewish adventure.

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Download E-books A Life of Courage: Sherwin Wine and Humanistic Judaism PDF

By Dan Cohn-Sherbok, Marilyn Rowens, Harry Cook

Compiled through Dan Cohn-Sherbok, Harry cook dinner & Marilyn Rowens, a lifetime of braveness is either a biography of and a tribute to the amazing lifetime of Rabbi Sherwin T. Wine. founding father of Humanistic Judaism. Wine started the move of Humanistic Judaism within the early Sixties on the Birmingham Temple in suburban Detroit, Michigan, with the assumption that secular Jewish tradition and Jewish heritage form people's id as Jews, instead of their trust in God.

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Download E-books Antisemitism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) PDF

By Steven Beller

Antisemitism, as hatred of Jews and Judaism, has been a relevant challenge of Western civilization for millennia, and its background keeps to ask debate.

This Very brief Introduction untangles the heritage of the phenomenon, from old spiritual clash to 'new' antisemitism within the twenty first century. Steven Beller finds how Antisemitism grew as a political and ideological circulation within the nineteenth century, the way it reached its darkish apogee within the worst genocide in glossy background - the Holocaust - and the way Antisemitism nonetheless persists world wide today.

In the recent variation of this thought-provoking Very brief Introduction, Beller brings his exam of this complicated and nonetheless arguable factor brand new with a dialogue of Antisemitism in mild of the 2008 monetary crash, the Arab Spring, and the on-going quandary among Israel and Palestine.

ABOUT THE SERIES:
The Very brief Introductions sequence from Oxford collage Press comprises hundreds of thousands of titles in nearly each topic zone. those pocket-sized books are the correct technique to get forward in a brand new topic quick. Our specialist authors mix evidence, research, standpoint, new rules, and exuberance to make fascinating and hard themes hugely readable.

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Download E-books A Chosen Calling: Jews in Science in the Twentieth Century (Medicine, Science, and Religion in Historical Context) PDF

By Noah J. Efron

Scholars have struggled for many years to provide an explanation for why Jews have succeeded extravagantly in sleek technological know-how. a number of arguable theories―from such intellects as C. P. Snow, Norbert Wiener, and Nathaniel Weyl―have been promoted. Snow hypothesized an advanced genetic predisposition to medical luck. Wiener prompt that the breeding behavior of Jews sustained hereditary traits conducive for studying. Economist and eugenicist Weyl attributed Jewish highbrow eminence to "seventeen centuries of breeding for scholars."

Rejecting the concept that Jews have performed good in technology due to uniquely Jewish characteristics, Jewish brains, and Jewish behavior of brain, historian of technology Noah J. Efron methods the Jewish affinity for technological know-how in the course of the geographic and cultural situations of Jews who have been pressured to settle in new worlds within the early 20th century.

Seeking reduction from spiritual persecution, hundreds of thousands of Jews resettled within the usa, Palestine, and the Soviet Union, with huge concentrations of settlers in big apple, Tel Aviv, and Moscow. technological know-how performed a wide position within the lives and livelihoods of those immigrants: it was once a common strength that transcended the arbitrary previous international orders that had lengthy ensured the exclusion of all yet a number of Jews from the seats of energy, wealth, and public esteem. even though the 3 locations have been a long way aside geographically, the hyperlinks one of the groups have been enduring and lively. This shared experience―of dealing with the long run in new worlds, either actual and conceptual―provided a new release of Jews with possibilities not like any their mom and dad and grandparents had known.

The tumultuous fresh century of Jewish historical past, which observed either a methodical crusade to blot out Europe's Jews and the inexorable absorption of Western Jews into the societies within which they now dwell, is illuminated by means of where of honor technological know-how held in Jewish imaginations. technology used to be crucial to their goals of constructing new worlds―welcoming worlds―for a persecuted people.

This provocative paintings will attract historians of technological know-how in addition to students of faith, Jewish reports, and Zionism.

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Download E-books The Origins of Judaism: From Canaan to the Rise of Islam PDF

By Robert Goldenberg

The Origins of Judaism offers a transparent, straight forward account of the advance of old Judaism in either the Judean place of origin and the Diaspora. starting with the Bible and finishing with the increase of Islam, the textual content depicts the emergence of a faith that might be well-known this present day as Judaism out of customs and conceptions that have been really assorted from any that now exist. particular consciousness is given to the early rabbis' contribution to this historic approach. including the most narrative, the publication offers immense quotations from basic texts (biblical, rabbinic and different) in addition to prolonged aspect remedies of vital topics, a thesaurus, brief biographies of best early rabbis, a chronology of significant dates and recommendations for additional interpreting.

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Download E-books George Eliot, Judaism And The Novels: Jewish Myth and Mysticism PDF

By Saleel Nurbhai, K. M. Newton

This is often the 1st learn to argue that Jewish Mysticism inspired not just her Jewish novel, Daniel Deronda, yet all of George Eliot's novels. The reader is left with a truly assorted George Eliot from that assumed via such a lot past feedback. notwithstanding prior reports have tried to qualify the still-dominant view that Eliot is firmly part of the real looking culture, this learn is going extra by way of demonstrating cohesive mythic constitution with its foundation in Jewish mysticism is identifiable in her fiction.

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